Its capital is Bucharest and the official language is Romanian. EU countries are those European countries which are a part of the European Union and have signed the treaties of the European Union. Since 1985, it has gradually grown and encompasses today almost all EU countries and a few associated non-EU countries. Austrians comprise 1.7% of the total EU population. Before 1993, the EU was not as big as it is today. Portugal’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Greeks comprise 2.1% of the total EU population. In the second column, the country names must always appear in English. Belgians comprise 2.2% of the total EU population. The political system is a semi-presidential republic. Europeans need to feel confident that, wherever they move within the EU, their freedom and their security are well protected, in full compliance with the Union's values, including the rule of law and fundamental rights. Yes. Member states must agree unanimously for the EU to adopt some policies; for others, coll… The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €3.026 trillion, as per 2015. Its capital is Rome and the official language in Italy is Italian. If the Commission’s opinion is positive, the Council must then agree upon a negotiating mandate. This means that every action taken by the EU is founded on treaties that have been approved voluntarily and democratically by all EU member countries. The Czech Republic is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 78,868 km², and population number 10,538,275, as per 2015. Its geographical size is 505,944 km², while the population number in 2015 was 46,449,565. Sweden holds 20 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU twice, in 2001 and 2009. The European Council is the EU institution that defines the general political direction and priorities of the European Union. Its capital is Valletta and the official language is Maltese. Negotiations are then formally opened on a subject-by-subject basis. Its capital is Amsterdam and the official language is Dutch. The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Over time, more and more countries decided to join. Austria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €337.162 billion, as per 2015. EU Countries List – Member States of The European Union. The referendum resulted with 52% opting to leave while 48% to remain. Ireland holds 11 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 7 times between 1975 and 2013. Latvia’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2014. The Schengen Area is one of the greatest achievements of the EU. Poland’s currency is the Polish Zloty (PLN). Portugal is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. Spain is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. Slovenia’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2007. In order for the EU to adopt policies that concern defence and foreign affairs, all member states must agree unanimously. Common position 2001/931/CFSP lays down the criteria for listing persons, groups and entities. Estonia is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 45,227 km², and population number 1,313,271, as per 2015. Greece holds 21 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 5 times between 1983 and 2014. Covid-19 and European solidarity: The fight for who we are. France is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 633,187 km², and population number 66,415,161, as per 2015. The Italians comprise 12% of the total EU population. Becoming a member of the EU is a complex procedure which does not happen overnight. Poland is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 612,679 km², and population number 38,005,614, as per 2015. The European Union’s aim back in the days was to end the frequent bloody wars between neighbour states that culminated in the Second World War. The most common place where you will encounter abbreviations in the European Union (EU) is with the names of the countries themselves. Ireland is not a member country of the Schengen Area. EU countries have to maintain their own national military and foreign policies, but are bound to judicial and legislative institutions of the EU. A country wishing to join the EU submits a membership application to the Council, which asks the Commission to assess the applicant’s ability to meet the Copenhagen criteria. MAIN DOCUMENTS Convention drawn up on the basis of Article K.3 (2) (c) of the Treaty on European Union on the fight against corruption involving officials of the European Communities or officials of Member States of the European Union (OJ C 195, 25.6.1997, pp. (Wikipedia). The EU has recently found itself as the target of several terrorist attacks while facing the dilemma of how to take care of the refugees. Its capital is Bratislava and the official language is Slovak. The Netherlands holds 26 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1960 and 2016. Ireland is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1973 with its geographic size of 69,797 km², and population number 4,628,949, as per 2015. Member states were required to meet strict criteria to participate in the currency. Germany is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 357,376 km², and population number 81,197,537, as per 2015. The political system is a semi-presidential republic. Hungary holds 21 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2011. Its capital is Athens and the official language is Greek. 19 member states in the EU use the Euro as their currency. Cyprus is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 9,251 km², and population number 847,008, as per 2015. The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. EU countries and Schengen countries are both European countries. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €266.244 billion, as per 2015. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €179.379 billion, as per 2015. The euro (€) is the official currency of 19 out of 27 EU countries. While having abolished their internal borders, Schengen States have also tightened controls at their common external border on the basis of Schengen rules to ensure the security of those living or travelling in the Schengen Area. It identifies the actions that constitute terrorist acts for these purposes, and defines the restrictive measures to be applied. In 1995, the EU further enlarged with three more members joining: Austria, Finland, and Sweden. The European Union is based on the rule of law. HR - Croatia 15. Greece is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1981 with its geographic size of 131,957 km², and population number 10,858,018, as per 2015. The list includes the Convention of 26 May 1997, drawn up on the basis of Article K.3(2)(c) of the Treaty on European Union, on the fight against corruption involving officials of the European Communities or officials of Member States of the European Union. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €17,421 billion, as per 2015. Lithuania’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2014. Slovakia’s currency is € (Euro) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2009. GB - United Kingdom 13. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €43,897 billion, as per 2015. The Slovenians comprise 0.4% of the total EU population. These countries are collectively known as the Eurozone. Unlike members of other international organisations, the member states of the EU have agreed by treaty to shared sovereignty through the institutions of the European Unionin some (but by no means all) aspects of government. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €2.184trillion, as per 2015. ES - Spain 10. Latvia is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. Copyright © 2013 - 2020 SchengenVisaInfo.com. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €24.378 billion, as per 2015. The Irish comprise 0.9% of the total EU population. In 2008, a financial crisis hits the global economy. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €44,162 billion, as per 2015. Without prejudice to the rules on cross-border cooperation and mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, the Member States, Eurojust, the European Public Prosecutor's Office and the Commission shall, within their respective competences, cooperate with each other in the fight against the criminal offences referred to in Articles 3, 4 and 5. The EEA includes all EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. It is a regional trade organization and free trade area consisting of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. On January 31, 2020, the United Kingdom officially left the European Union, starting the 11-month transition period. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €20.461 billion, as per 2015. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €78.071 billion, as per 2015. 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