Example the heart is dependent on the lungs and brain for the body to function properly. It is because the families are consisting of father and mother (Structural Functional Theory, n.d.). Structural functionalism, or, simply, functionalism, is a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. It socializes children, it provides emotional and practical support for its members, it helps regulate sexual activity and sexual reproduction, and it provides its members with a social identity. Structural functionalism is a form of functionalism that attempts to explain problematic behaviors in cultures and the ways in which these behaviors are essential to the maintenance and well-being of larger systems. Structural functionalism perspective on family’s, is the thought of how a family’s economic, spiritual and social statues build important societal functions in individuals in a family. This is shown by Bourne who says that single parent family are the most common in western society and that in 1996 11 per sent of people in Britain lived in this type of family- today it has doubled. In the 1960s, functionalism was criticized for being unable to account for social change, or for structural contradictions and conflict (and thus was often called "consensus theory"). Also, it ignores inequalities including race, gender, class, which causes tension and conflict. Structural functionalism explains that in a society it is formed by different parts with each assigned its duty and role to play then integrated to form a society. This approach looks at society through a macro-level orientation, which is a broad focus on the social structures that shape society as a whole, and believes that society has evolved like organisms. Radcliffe-Brown proposed that most stateless, “primitive” societies that lack strong centralized institutions are based on an association of corporate-descent groups. Spencer was an early adopter of the term sociology. Sociological Perspectives - Family SOC 101 Allen Lipscomb February 28, 2010 Abstract Family can be defined in many ways through many different theories. Family can also be a main area of where socialization skills for individuals and society develop. Functionalism is a system of thinking based on the ideas of Emile Durkheim that looks at society from a large scale perspective. With the structural –functionalism perspective if one part or a person is not doing its or his/her part then it is said to be dysfunctional. For example, lower classes might not be able to afford to send their children to school, or in some parts of the world education is not offered or they are refused access to it. The structural-functionalist perspective emphasizes the interconnectedness of society by focusing on how each part influences and is influenced by other parts. Educational: children are taught the norms and values of society (also known as primary socialisation). In any family, these inequalities can be seen between families in society and among members of the same family. The Family. Bart doesn’t like to bathe. In sociology there are three broad areas of sociological study structural functionalism, symbolic interactionism and conflict theories (including feminism and postmodernism) but for the purpose of this paper structural functionalism will be looked at and critiqued by a post modern perspective in terms of the context of Jay and Lara’s family. Structural Functional theory is more suitable to support the study of polygamous family. Functionalism focuses on society as a complete unit in terms of function of its constituent elements such as norms, customs, traditions, and institutions, etc. George Murdock on Families. It has its origins in the works of Emile Durkheim, who was especially interested in how social order is possible or how society remains relatively stable.As such, it is a theory that focuses on the macro-level of social structure, rather than the micro-level of everyday life. Structural functionalism, or simply functionalism, is "a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability".. Structural Functional Theory (SFT) allows for major institutions, such as economy, religion, polity, education and family to be considered groups 7. Is wrong with that family functionalist theory is the oldest, and still most,... Because the families are consisting of father and mother ( structural Functional theory, ). 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